Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of talking therapy. Within this therapy, individuals learn about how they view themselves, others and the world. Additionally, individuals learn how their thoughts, feelings and behaviours impact daily functioning.
The therapist and the client work collaboratively to help alter the negative thinking patters and problematic behaviours. During the sessions the client and therapist explore these problems and difficulties. Rather than reflecting on the past for significant periods of time, a focus is paid towards the here and now and how change can make the individual feel better.
CBT is a fairly short course of therapy, which can last from as short as six weeks to as long as six months to a year depending on the individuals’ problems. Sessions are advised to take place on a weekly basis lasting for 50 minutes although the frequency of sessions is the decision of the client. Throughout the sessions the therapist and client work together in learning skills which can then be applied outside of the sessions, with the view of aiding the client in becoming their own therapist.